Dmytro Chumak participated in the International Summer School on Nuclear History

From 9 to 19 June 2016 the research consultant of Odessa Center for Nonproliferation Dmytro Chumak participated in the International Summer School on Nuclear History, organized by the Wilson Center (USA) and the University of Roma Tre (Italy). The visit went with the support of the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority.

There were worldwide known experts in the history of nuclear non-proliferation among the speakers of the summer school, including: Avner Cohen from the Center for Nonproliferation Studies of Monterey Institute of International Studies (USA), David Holloway from Stanford University (USA), Thomas Yonter from Stockholm University (Sweden), Robert Litvak from Wilson center (USA), Leopoldo Nutti from the University of Roma Tre (Italy), Joseph Pilat from Los Alamos National Laboratory (USA), Martin Sherwin of George Mason University (USA) and others.

During the event, the participants deepened their knowledge of the international aspects of the history of nuclear nonproliferation from 1945 till the present. Much attention was focused on the events of early nuclear era from Manhattan Project in the US till the first Soviet nuclear test in 1949. The consequences of the US nuclear bombing of the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 became the quintessential changing in security paradigm of the world and necessitated the formation of the verification and control regime for the proliferation of such weapons. Historical aspects of further nuclear policies development of the US and the Soviet Union during the Cold War were presented in full by Summer School experts. Among the main points we should highlight such historical events as the Cuba Missile Crisis of 1962, negotiations on the Treaty on Nonproliferation of Nuclear weapons of 1968, cooperation between the US and the Soviet Union in the field of disarmament, nuclear tests of the United Kingdom, France, China, India, the outcomes of the Reykjavik summit of 1986 the renunciation of nuclear weapons by South Africa etc. These and other key elements of the history of nuclear nonproliferation were presented by lecturers based on archival documents, memoirs and interviews.

During the summer school Dmytro Chumak made a presentation on the political and regulatory preconditions of Chornobyl disaster in 1986 and their impact on the further development of nuclear power in the world. Based on archival documents, he expressed his belief that improper attitude of political elites to the peaceful atom and imperfect regulatory system of control over the development of nuclear power in the Soviet Union until 1986 should be considered key causes of the accident. The study is conducted in the framework of the "Nuclear history of Ukraine" project of the Odessa Center for Nonproliferation.

A key principle of the course was to present the fundamental importance of the study of historical elements of nuclear nonproliferation for resolving current problems and those that may arise in the future.

At the end of the Summer School the participants received 8 credits by the European ECTS scale.